A 26-year-old Delhi resident was taken to Metro Hospital in Faridabad with severe chest pain and continuous sweating for 2-3 days, which did not settle with pain killers. Her ECG showed large heart attack (anterior wall MI). Dr SS Bansal, MD, DM, DNB (Cardiology), FACC, FSCAI (USA), managing director and senior interventional card iologist, Metro Heart Institute with Multispecialty , says, “It was hard for the patient’s relatives to believe that she had suffered a heart attack at this age. We did her coronary angiography , which revealed a 100% blocked left anterior descending artery (LAD) of the heart. The culprit artery was opened by angioplasty-stenting immediately , after which she made a fast recovery .“
Heart attacks at this young age are observed quite often nowadays. The last two decades have seen more young people fall prey to heart disease. Howev er, Dr Bansal adds, “The threat of heart disease is not new. It’s been there for years and making us question every detail of our complicated lifestyle choices diet, physical inactivity , etc. One in four Indians die of cardiovascular disease and about 12-15% of them are below 40 years of age. Why is India experiencing this cardiovascular disease epidemic? Part of it is genetically determined, with a major share of causes coming under `faulty lifestyle’.“
“A positive family history of heart disease is also a strong predictor of likelihood of the next generation developing it. Lifestyle again is a very important factor for predicting who all can develop heart disease. In fact, lifestyle changes can prevent and stave off further heart attacks,“ he says.
Smoking is a risk factor, and after quitting it, it takes 15 years for an individual to cut down heart disease chances compared to a non-smoker person. Smokers are four times more likely to die from heart disease as com pared to non-smokers.
According to Dr Bansal, it is essential to avoid trans-fatty acids and to switch to poly and mono unsaturated fatty acids. By adopti ng very simple habits like limiting consumption of free sugars and salt, eating whole grain, nuts and 3-4 servings of fresh fruits and vegetables reduces your chances of heart attack. A regular exercise everyday can cut the risk of cardiovascular diseases by 30%, World Heart Federation recently recommended. A 30 minute walk, five days a week can decrease the risk of stroke by 24%.
Dr Bansal adds, “One must know that over 33% of patients who suffer heart attack die within 24 hours if left untreated, and 16% of heart attack victims die 16% of heart attack victims die within one hour of the attack. Therefore prompt recognition of symptoms and imme diate treatment at a heart hospital can save the life of these patients. Best way to salvage the patient and to prevent damage of heart muscles is primary angioplasty is stenting as soon as possible. We have managed to save al most all heart attack victims who reached us in time by opening culprit vessel with primary angioplasty-stenting available 24×7 for 365 days in our hospital.“
Source: Times of India 19 Dec’2015