The Mein pools of diabetes management are to control blood glucose, Blood pressure and cholesterol. These goals are accomplished by
- monitoring blood sugar
- taking prescribed insulin and/or oral medication
- eating a natural, healthy diet planned with the help of a nutritionist
- engaging in a program of regular physical activity
- losing weighs
- reducing stress and improving sleep
Monitoring blood glucose
Your health erne practitioner will advise if and how you should be measuring your blood sugar. There are some general guideline that determine who should monitor their blood glucose regularly.
They include those who are:
- a taking insulin
- Having a hard time controlling blood glucose levels
- having low blood glucose levels without the usual warning signs
- Having ketones from high blood glucose level.
Type 1 diabetes: Those diagnosed with type 1 diabetes must take insulin for the rest of their lives in order to keep blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible. The type of insulin and the method of administration can include injection or an insulin pump, as well as other prescribed medications determined by individual needs.
Type 2 diabetes: Those with type2 diabetes may be able to manage this condition with healthy eating and exercise alone, though insulin and/or oral medications may be required to meet required blood glucose levels.
Gestational diabetes: This is often treated with proper diet and exercise. Insulin may be prescribed if blood sugar targets are not being achieved or if the baby is becoming too large.
Prediabetes: Losing weight and eating a healthy diet and becoming more active are the main ways to treat prediabetes, and also to ensure that type 2 diabetes doesn’t develop.
Natural nutrition with calories that count
A diabetes-friendly diet can control blood sugar with healthy, whole food choices. It doesn’t have to be restrictive but should be full of nutrients and low in calories and fat.
Keeping calories low keeps blood glucose from rising too high, which can cause hyperglycemia or complications such as nerve, kidney, and heart damage. Weight loss can help those with type 2 diabetes control blood glucose more easily and reap other health benefits. It is wise to consult a naturopath and nutritionist to create an eating plan with the right foods protein’s, and scheduling to manage blood sugar levels.
The diabetes friendly diet
- Avoid refined carbohydrates and sugar. These include white bread, pasta, rice, potatoes and sugary drinks, including pop and fruit juice which rapidly increase blood sugar.
- Choose healthy carbohydrates rich in fiber, fruits, vegetables, whole grains, beans, nuts, and seeds.
- Eat more fish winch has less fat than meat and poultry. Fish such salmon, mackerel and tuna contain omega 3fatty acids which promote heart health. Avoid fried fish and fish that contain high level of mercury.
- Moderately consume healthy fats in foods such as avocados, nuts, seeds and oils such as extra virgin olive and peanut, to help lower cholesterol levels.