A new study has found that time spent on domestic chores can impact education. Data collected from 952 children and their communities in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana has shown that 12-year-olds who spend three hours or more on household chores in a day are 70% less likely to complete secondary education.
These findings came to light through data gathered by Young Lives longitudinal study of childhood poverty to determine the factors impacting children’s participation in and progress through secondary education-grades 9 and 10. They tracked the progress of these kids through for over a decade starting 2002, when they were aged eight to 2013 when they were 19.
Considering the high correlation between drop-out rates and time spent on errand-running, the study’s authors have pushed for safeguards to be worked into the amendment of the Child Labour Act that proposes to allow kids under 14 to work in non-hazardous family enterprises.
Of the 952, 680 completed grade 10 successfully and 48.8% were continuing their education in vocational studies or higher education. The variables considered were classified into four categories -socio-demographic factors, household characteristics, pre-schooling and “individual (child) characteristics“ which includes nutrition status, “self-efficacy“, reading and writing ability all at age 8 and time spent on domestic chores and participation in paid work at age 12.
58 kids reported working over three hours at home. Of the rest, 299 kids didn’t work at all; 398 kids worked one hour; 195 worked two. The sections dropping out from these groups are 19.4%, 25.1% and 39.0% respectively. The drop out percentage for the three-hour category was 65.5%; with all other pa rameters factored in, the likelihood of kids working over three hours dropping out is estimated to be 70%.
Combining work and school is a reality for children under 12 in a pro-poor sample like ours. And it’s not harming the education of kids in the one-two hour group. But that changes with the last group.
Source: Times of India- 23 Nov’2015