Not surprising is the fact, which came out in a study, funded by the Department of Science and Technology (DST), that by 2025, more than 80% of global diabetes and cardiovascular disease burden shall be in low and middle-income countries such as India and China.
Stigmatisation and discrimination faced by people with diabetes are particularly pronounced for girls and women, who carry a double burden of discrimination because of their health status and the inequalities perpetrated in male-dominated societies. These inequalities can discourage girls and women from seeking diagnosis and treatment, preventing them from achieving positive health outcomes.
Findings of the study show urban women are the worst affected by all the indicators, even as there is an increasing trend of risk factors among women in rural areas, too. In urban areas, women have even more responsibilities as they often go out and work. They do not exercise as regularly as men; their eating habits are irregular and they do not even go for health checkups.
Diabetes affects women differently due to hormonal changes, pregnancy, menopause and other various reasons. This added burden makes it more difficult for them to maintain proper blood glucose levels.
Hence proper diabetes management in women is required to minimise the severity of complications arising from the disease. With healthy and active lifestyle and proper medications, women can prevent or manage their diabetes.
Diabetic women should regularly do health checkups while those, who have a family history or had gestational diabetes, need to check their blood glucose once in six months. HbA1c (last three months average sugar) should be done.
Daily two-and-a-half hours of moderate-intensity physical activities, like brisk walking, cycling on relatively flat terrain or one hour and 15 minutes of high intensity exercise each week is recommended. Losing weight gradually to achieve a healthy body mass index; replacing refined carbohydrates with whole grain foods; increasing intake of vegetables and other foods high in dietary fiber; reducing the amount of saturated fat in the diet are some of the lifestyle changes one should adopt. Stress is another factor that one should control. Constant stress can make blood glucose control very difficult, particularly if an individual is unaware of when they are getting stressed.
Disclaimer: The information found in this feature is of general nature only and not intended as a substitute for professional health advice. No person should act in reliance on any statement contained in the information provided. People should obtain specific advice from professional medical practitioners should they require medical help or assistance.